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Architectural and Civil Drafters

Prepare detailed drawings of architectural and structural features of buildings or drawings and topographical relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, and public works. Use knowledge of building materials, engineering practices, and mathematics to complete drawings.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Produce drawings, using computer-assisted drafting systems (CAD) or drafting machines, or by hand, using compasses, dividers, protractors, triangles, and other drafting devices.
    • Draft plans and detailed drawings for structures, installations, and construction projects, such as highways, sewage disposal systems, and dikes, working from sketches or notes.
    • Coordinate structural, electrical, and mechanical designs and determine a method of presentation to graphically represent building plans.
    • Analyze building codes, by-laws, space and site requirements, and other technical documents and reports to determine their effect on architectural designs.
    • Draw maps, diagrams, and profiles, using cross-sections and surveys, to represent elevations, topographical contours, subsurface formations, and structures.
    • Lay out and plan interior room arrangements for commercial buildings, using computer-assisted drafting (CAD) equipment and software.
    • Supervise and train other technologists, technicians, and drafters.
    • Determine the order of work and method of presentation, such as orthographic or isometric drawing.
    • Finish and duplicate drawings and documentation packages according to required mediums and specifications for reproduction, using blueprinting, photography, or other duplicating methods.
    • Draw rough and detailed scale plans for foundations, buildings, and structures, based on preliminary concepts, sketches, engineering calculations, specification sheets, and other data.
    • Correlate, interpret, and modify data obtained from topographical surveys, well logs, and geophysical prospecting reports.
    • Check dimensions of materials to be used and assign numbers to lists of materials.
    • Determine procedures and instructions to be followed, according to design specifications and quantity of required materials.
    • Supervise or conduct field surveys, inspections, or technical investigations to obtain data required to revise construction drawings.
    • Explain drawings to production or construction teams and provide adjustments as necessary.
    • Obtain and assemble data to complete architectural designs, visiting job sites to compile measurements as necessary.
    • Determine quality, cost, strength, and quantity of required materials, and enter figures on materials lists.
    • Locate and identify symbols on topographical surveys to denote geological and geophysical formations or oil field installations.
    • Create freehand drawings and lettering to accompany drawings.
    • Calculate excavation tonnage and prepare graphs and fill-hauling diagrams for use in earth-moving operations.
    • Prepare colored drawings of landscape and interior designs for presentation to client.
    • Calculate weights, volumes, and stress factors and their implications for technical aspects of designs.
    • Plot characteristics of boreholes for oil and gas wells from photographic subsurface survey recordings and other data, representing depth, degree, and direction of inclination.
    • Reproduce drawings on copy machines or trace copies of plans and drawings, using transparent paper or cloth, ink, pencil, and standard drafting instruments.
    • Calculate heat loss and gain of buildings and structures to determine required equipment specifications, following standard procedures.

    Skills

    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

    • Reading Comprehension

      Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    5
    Workplace Documents
    5
    Graphic Literacy
    5

    Abilities

    • Near Vision

      The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

    • Oral Comprehension

      The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

    • Written Comprehension

      The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

    Knowledge

    • Design

      Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    • Building and Construction

      Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

    • Engineering and Technology

      Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

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    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 53770/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 25.85/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 2,740
    • Yearly Projected Openings 280

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Realistic: People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Attention to Detail
    • Dependability
    • Cooperation
    • Analytical Thinking
    • Adaptability/Flexibility
    • Independence

    Tools

    • Tablet computers
    • Scanners
    • Scales
    • Curves
    • Compasses

    Technology

    • Map creation software
    • Graphics or photo imaging software
    • Development environment software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Computer aided design CAD software

    Tags

    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.

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