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Civil Drafters

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Prepare drawings and topographical and relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, pipelines, flood control projects, and water and sewerage control systems.

    Work Activities
    • Produce drawings, using computer-assisted drafting systems (CAD) or drafting machines, or by hand, using compasses, dividers, protractors, triangles, and other drafting devices.
    • Draft plans and detailed drawings for structures, installations, and construction projects, such as highways, sewage disposal systems, and dikes, working from sketches or notes.
    • Review rough sketches, drawings, specifications, and other engineering data received from civil engineers to ensure that they conform to design concepts.
    • Draw maps, diagrams, and profiles, using cross-sections and surveys, to represent elevations, topographical contours, subsurface formations, and structures.
    • Supervise and train other technologists, technicians, and drafters.
    • Determine the order of work and method of presentation, such as orthographic or isometric drawing.
    • Finish and duplicate drawings and documentation packages according to required mediums and specifications for reproduction, using blueprinting, photography, or other duplicating methods.
    • Correlate, interpret, and modify data obtained from topographical surveys, well logs, and geophysical prospecting reports.
    • Supervise or conduct field surveys, inspections, or technical investigations to obtain data required to revise construction drawings.
    • Explain drawings to production or construction teams and provide adjustments as necessary.
    • Determine quality, cost, strength, and quantity of required materials, and enter figures on materials lists.
    • Locate and identify symbols on topographical surveys to denote geological and geophysical formations or oil field installations.
    • Calculate excavation tonnage and prepare graphs and fill-hauling diagrams for use in earth-moving operations.
    • Plot characteristics of boreholes for oil and gas wells from photographic subsurface survey recordings and other data, representing depth, degree, and direction of inclination.
    • Calculate weights, volumes, and stress factors and their implications for technical aspects of designs.
    Skills
    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    • Reading Comprehension

      Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

    WorkKeys®
    Applied Math
    5
    Workplace Documents
    5
    Graphic Literacy
    5
    Abilities
    • Written Comprehension

      The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

    • Oral Comprehension

      The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

    • Near Vision

      The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

    Knowledge
    • Design

      Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    • Engineering and Technology

      Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

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    Pay
    • Ohio Annual Salary $51,400/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage $24.71/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage
    Ohio Employment Trends
    • Currently Employed 2,810
    • Yearly Projected Openings 260
    Typical Education
    Personality
    Realistic: People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Attention to Detail
    • Dependability
    • Integrity
    • Cooperation
    • Adaptability/Flexibility
    • Initiative
    Tools
    • Scanners
    • Scales
    • Print servers
    • Graphics or video accelerator cards
    • Curves
    Technology
    • Word processing software
    • Project management software
    • Map creation software
    • Graphics or photo imaging software
    • Computer aided design CAD software
    Tags
    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.