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Anthropologists and Archeologists

Study the origin, development, and behavior of human beings. May study the way of life, language, or physical characteristics of people in various parts of the world. May engage in systematic recovery and examination of material evidence, such as tools or pottery remaining from past human cultures, in order to determine the history, customs, and living habits of earlier civilizations.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Study objects and structures recovered by excavation to identify, date, and authenticate them and to interpret their significance.
    • Collect information and make judgments through observation, interviews, and review of documents.
    • Research, survey, or assess sites of past societies and cultures in search of answers to specific research questions.
    • Write about and present research findings for a variety of specialized and general audiences.
    • Describe artifacts' physical properties or attributes, such as the materials from which artifacts are made and their size, shape, function, and decoration.
    • Plan and direct research to characterize and compare the economic, demographic, health care, social, political, linguistic, and religious institutions of distinct cultural groups, communities, and organizations.
    • Record the exact locations and conditions of artifacts uncovered in diggings or surveys, using drawings and photographs as necessary.
    • Compare findings from one site with archeological data from other sites to find similarities or differences.
    • Assess archeological sites for resource management, development, or conservation purposes and recommend methods for site protection.
    • Gather and analyze artifacts and skeletal remains to increase knowledge of ancient cultures.
    • Collect artifacts made of stone, bone, metal, and other materials, placing them in bags and marking them to show where they were found.
    • Identify culturally specific beliefs and practices affecting health status and access to services for distinct populations and communities, in collaboration with medical and public health officials.
    • Consult site reports, existing artifacts, and topographic maps to identify archeological sites.
    • Train others in the application of ethnographic research methods to solve problems in organizational effectiveness, communications, technology development, policy making, and program planning.
    • Develop intervention procedures, using techniques such as individual and focus group interviews, consultations, and participant observation of social interaction.
    • Create data records for use in describing and analyzing social patterns and processes, using photography, videography, and audio recordings.
    • Advise government agencies, private organizations, and communities regarding proposed programs, plans, and policies and their potential impacts on cultural institutions, organizations, and communities.
    • Develop and test theories concerning the origin and development of past cultures.
    • Lead field training sites and train field staff, students, and volunteers in excavation methods.
    • Collaborate with economic development planners to decide on the implementation of proposed development policies, plans, and programs based on culturally institutionalized barriers and facilitating circumstances.
    • Clean, restore, and preserve artifacts.
    • Conduct participatory action research in communities and organizations to assess how work is done and to design work systems, technologies, and environments.
    • Organize public exhibits and displays to promote public awareness of diverse and distinctive cultural traditions.
    • Formulate general rules that describe and predict the development and behavior of cultures and social institutions.
    • Study archival collections of primary historical sources to help explain the origins and development of cultural patterns.
    • Apply traditional ecological knowledge and assessments of culturally distinctive land and resource management institutions to assist in the resolution of conflicts over habitat protection and resource enhancement.
    • Enhance the cultural sensitivity of elementary and secondary curricula and classroom interactions in collaboration with educators and teachers.
    • Participate in forensic activities, such as tooth and bone structure identification, in conjunction with police departments and pathologists.

    Skills

    • Writing

      Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

    • Reading Comprehension

      Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    4
    Workplace Documents
    5
    Graphic Literacy
    5

    Abilities

    • Written Comprehension

      The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

    • Written Expression

      The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

    • Oral Expression

      The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

    Knowledge

    • Sociology and Anthropology

      Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.

    • History and Archeology

      Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

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    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 54770/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 26.33/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 120
    • Yearly Projected Openings 20

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Investigative: People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.They do well at jobs that need:
    • Analytical Thinking
    • Integrity
    • Attention to Detail
    • Persistence
    • Adaptability/Flexibility
    • Initiative

    Tools

    • X ray radiography examination equipment
    • Shovels
    • Scanners
    • Laboratory sifting equipment
    • Calipers

    Technology

    • Video creation and editing software
    • Map creation software
    • Graphics or photo imaging software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Analytical or scientific software

    Tags

    • Bright Outlook occupations will grow rapidly in the next few years, have a large number of openings, or are new and emerging careers.

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