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Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers

Install or repair heating, central air conditioning, HVAC, or refrigeration systems, including oil burners, hot-air furnaces, and heating stoves.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Test electrical circuits or components for continuity, using electrical test equipment.
    • Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
    • Discuss heating or cooling system malfunctions with users to isolate problems or to verify that repairs corrected malfunctions.
    • Connect heating or air conditioning equipment to fuel, water, or refrigerant source to form complete circuit.
    • Install, connect, or adjust thermostats, humidistats, or timers.
    • Study blueprints, design specifications, or manufacturers' recommendations to ascertain the configuration of heating or cooling equipment components and to ensure the proper installation of components.
    • Comply with all applicable standards, policies, or procedures, such as safety procedures or the maintenance of a clean work area.
    • Install auxiliary components to heating or cooling equipment, such as expansion or discharge valves, air ducts, pipes, blowers, dampers, flues, or stokers.
    • Lay out and connect electrical wiring between controls and equipment, according to wiring diagrams, using electrician's hand tools.
    • Braze or solder parts to repair defective joints and leaks.
    • Inspect and test systems to verify system compliance with plans and specifications or to detect and locate malfunctions.
    • Record and report time, materials, faults, deficiencies, or other unusual occurrences on work orders.
    • Perform mechanical overhauls and refrigerant reclaiming.
    • Adjust system controls to settings recommended by manufacturer to balance system.
    • Install expansion and control valves, using acetylene torches and wrenches.
    • Install or repair self-contained ground source heat pumps or hybrid ground or air source heat pumps to minimize carbon-based energy consumption and reduce carbon emissions.
    • Recommend, develop, or perform preventive or general maintenance procedures, such as cleaning, power-washing, or vacuuming equipment, oiling parts, or changing filters.
    • Install dehumidifiers or related equipment for spaces that require cool, dry air to operate efficiently, such as computer rooms.
    • Cut or drill holes in floors, walls, or roof to install equipment, using power saws or drills.
    • Mount compressor, condenser, and other components in specified locations on frames, using hand tools and acetylene welding equipment.
    • Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe or tubing, using pipe fitter's tools.
    • Keep records of repairs and replacements made and causes of malfunctions.
    • Install or repair air purification systems, such as specialized filters or ultraviolet (UV) light purification systems.
    • Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition.
    • Schedule work with customers and initiate work orders, house requisitions, and orders from stock.
    • Supervise and instruct assistants.
    • Lay out reference points for installation of structural and functional components, using measuring instruments.
    • Lift and align components into position, using hoist or block and tackle.

    Skills

    • Troubleshooting

      Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.

    • Equipment Maintenance

      Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.

    • Repairing

      Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    4
    Workplace Documents
    4
    Graphic Literacy
    5

    Abilities

    • Problem Sensitivity

      The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    • Near Vision

      The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

    • Visualization

      The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.

    Knowledge

    • Mechanical

      Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    • Customer and Personal Service

      Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

    • Building and Construction

      Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

    Career Video

    Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop

    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 48940/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 23.53/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 12,260
    • Yearly Projected Openings 1,430

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Realistic: People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Attention to Detail
    • Analytical Thinking
    • Dependability
    • Independence
    • Initiative
    • Persistence

    Tools

    • Voltage or current meters
    • Pressure indicators
    • Power drills
    • Levels
    • Air velocity and temperature monitors

    Technology

    • Industrial control software
    • Facilities management software
    • Electronic mail software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Computer aided design CAD software

    Tags

    • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.
    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.

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    Workforce Supply Tool

    Workforce Supply Tool

    The Workforce Supply Tool provides statistics for the occupations in highest demand throughout Ohio.

    You can view statewide statistics as well as more region specific information.

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