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Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries of the eyes and related structures.

    Work Activities
    • Perform comprehensive examinations of the visual system to determine the nature or extent of ocular disorders.
    • Perform ophthalmic surgeries such as cataract, glaucoma, refractive, corneal, vitro-retinal, eye muscle, or oculoplastic surgeries.
    • Diagnose or treat injuries, disorders, or diseases of the eye and eye structures including the cornea, sclera, conjunctiva, or eyelids.
    • Document or evaluate patients' medical histories.
    • Provide or direct the provision of postoperative care.
    • Perform, order, or interpret the results of diagnostic or clinical tests.
    • Develop treatment plans based on patients' histories and goals, the nature and severity of disorders, and treatment risks and benefits.
    • Prescribe or administer topical or systemic medications to treat ophthalmic conditions and to manage pain.
    • Perform laser surgeries to alter, remove, reshape, or replace ocular tissue.
    • Provide ophthalmic consultation to other medical professionals.
    • Educate patients about maintenance and promotion of healthy vision.
    • Collaborate with multidisciplinary teams of health professionals to provide optimal patient care.
    • Refer patients for more specialized treatments when conditions exceed the experience, expertise, or scope of practice of practitioner.
    • Develop or implement plans and procedures for ophthalmologic services.
    • Instruct interns, residents, or others in ophthalmologic procedures and techniques.
    • Prescribe ophthalmologic treatments or therapies such as chemotherapy, cryotherapy, or low vision therapy.
    • Prescribe corrective lenses such as glasses or contact lenses.
    • Conduct clinical or laboratory-based research in ophthalmology.
    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    • Reading Comprehension

      Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

    Applied Math
    Workplace Documents
    Graphic Literacy
    • Inductive Reasoning

      The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

    • Near Vision

      The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

    • Oral Comprehension

      The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

    • Medicine and Dentistry

      Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    • Biology

      Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

    Career Video
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    • Ohio Annual Salary $187,200+/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage $90.00+/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage
    Ohio Employment Trends
    • Currently Employed 15,630
    • Yearly Projected Openings 530
    Typical Education
    Investigative: People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Integrity
    • Attention to Detail
    • Dependability
    • Concern for Others
    • Achievement/Effort
    • Stress Tolerance
    • Ophthalmoscopes or otoscopes or scope sets
    • Ophthalmic visual function analyzers
    • Ophthalmic surgical knives or blades or scissors or accessories
    • Ophthalmic medical instrument sets
    • Corneal topographers
    • Word processing software
    • Spreadsheet software
    • Medical software
    • Electronic mail software
    • Analytical or scientific software
    • Bright Outlook occupations will grow rapidly in the next few years, have a large number of openings, or are new and emerging careers.