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Pathologists

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Diagnose presence and stage of diseases using laboratory techniques and patient specimens. Study the nature, cause, and development of diseases. May perform autopsies.

    Work Activities
    • Examine microscopic samples to identify diseases or other abnormalities.
    • Diagnose diseases or study medical conditions using techniques such as gross pathology, histology, cytology, cytopathology, clinical chemistry, immunology, flow cytometry, or molecular biology.
    • Write pathology reports summarizing analyses, results, and conclusions.
    • Identify the etiology, pathogenesis, morphological change, and clinical significance of diseases.
    • Analyze and interpret results from tests such as microbial or parasite tests, urine analyses, hormonal assays, fine needle aspirations (FNAs), and polymerase chain reactions (PCRs).
    • Communicate pathologic findings to surgeons or other physicians.
    • Diagnose infections, such as Hepatitis B and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), by conducting tests to detect the antibodies that patients' immune systems make to fight such infections.
    • Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in pathology.
    • Consult with physicians about ordering and interpreting tests or providing treatments.
    • Conduct genetic analyses of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or chromosomes to diagnose small biopsies and cell samples.
    • Plan and supervise the work of the pathology staff, residents or visiting pathologists.
    • Obtain specimens by performing procedures such as biopsies or fine need aspirations (FNAs) of superficial nodules.
    • Review cases by analyzing autopsies, laboratory findings, or case investigation reports.
    • Educate physicians, students, and other personnel in medical laboratory professions such as medical technology, cytotechnology, or histotechnology.
    • Manage medical laboratories.
    • Develop or adopt new tests or instruments to improve diagnosis of diseases.
    • Conduct research and present scientific findings.
    • Perform autopsies to determine causes of deaths.
    • Testify in depositions or trials as an expert witness.
    Skills
    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

    • Reading Comprehension

      Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

    WorkKeys®
    Applied Math
    5
    Workplace Documents
    6
    Graphic Literacy
    5
    Abilities
    • Inductive Reasoning

      The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

    • Problem Sensitivity

      The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    • Oral Comprehension

      The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

    Knowledge
    • Medicine and Dentistry

      Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

    • Biology

      Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    Career Video
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    Pay
    • Ohio Annual Salary $187,200+/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage $90.00+/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage
    Ohio Employment Trends
    • Currently Employed 15,630
    • Yearly Projected Openings 530
    Typical Education
    Personality
    Investigative: People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Attention to Detail
    • Dependability
    • Analytical Thinking
    • Integrity
    • Achievement/Effort
    • Independence
    Tools
    • Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers
    • Non vacuum blood collection tubes or containers
    • Microtomes
    • Immunology analyzers
    • Dropping pipettes
    Technology
    • Spreadsheet software
    • Office suite software
    • Medical software
    • Information retrieval or search software
    • Accounting software
    Tags
    • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.
    • Bright Outlook occupations will grow rapidly in the next few years, have a large number of openings, or are new and emerging careers.