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Human Factors Engineers and Ergonomists

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Design objects, facilities, and environments to optimize human well-being and overall system performance, applying theory, principles, and data regarding the relationship between humans and respective technology. Investigate and analyze characteristics of human behavior and performance as it relates to the use of technology.

    Work Activities
    • Design or evaluate human work systems, using human factors engineering and ergonomic principles to optimize usability, cost, quality, safety, or performance.
    • Collect data through direct observation of work activities or witnessing the conduct of tests.
    • Conduct interviews or surveys of users or customers to collect information on topics such as requirements, needs, fatigue, ergonomics, or interfaces.
    • Prepare reports or presentations summarizing results or conclusions of human factors engineering or ergonomics activities, such as testing, investigation, or validation.
    • Recommend workplace changes to improve health and safety, using knowledge of potentially harmful factors, such as heavy loads or repetitive motions.
    • Assess the user-interface or usability characteristics of products.
    • Review health, safety, accident, or worker compensation records to evaluate safety program effectiveness or to identify jobs with high incidence of injury.
    • Perform functional, task, or anthropometric analysis, using tools such as checklists, surveys, videotaping or force measurement.
    • Conduct research to evaluate potential solutions related to changes in equipment design, procedures, manpower, personnel, or training.
    • Advocate for end users in collaboration with other professionals, including engineers, designers, managers, or customers.
    • Integrate human factors requirements into operational hardware.
    • Train users in task techniques or ergonomic principles.
    • Provide technical support to clients through activities such as rearranging workplace fixtures to reduce physical hazards or discomfort or modifying task sequences to reduce cycle time.
    • Develop or implement research methodologies or statistical analysis plans to test and evaluate developmental prototypes used in new products or processes, such as cockpit designs, user workstations, or computerized human models.
    • Inspect work sites to identify physical hazards.
    • Analyze complex systems to determine potential for further development, production, interoperability, compatibility, or usefulness in a particular area, such as aviation.
    • Develop or implement human performance research, investigation, or analysis protocols.
    • Write, review, or comment on documents, such as proposals, test plans, or procedures.
    • Apply modeling or quantitative analysis to forecast events, such as human decisions or behaviors, the structure or processes of organizations, or the attitudes or actions of human groups.
    • Establish system operating or training requirements to ensure optimized human-machine interfaces.
    • Perform statistical analyses, such as social network pattern analysis, network modeling, discrete event simulation, agent-based modeling, statistical natural language processing, computational sociology, mathematical optimization, or systems dynamics.
    • Provide human factors technical expertise on topics such as advanced user-interface technology development or the role of human users in automated or autonomous sub-systems in advanced vehicle systems.
    • Investigate theoretical or conceptual issues, such as the human design considerations of lunar landers or habitats.
    • Operate testing equipment, such as heat stress meters, octave band analyzers, motion analysis equipment, inclinometers, light meters, thermoanemometers, sling psychrometers, or colorimetric detection tubes.
    • Estimate time or resource requirements for ergonomic or human factors research or development projects.
    • Design cognitive aids, such as procedural storyboards or decision support systems.
    Skills
    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

    • Complex Problem Solving

      Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    WorkKeys®
    Applied Math
    7
    Workplace Documents
    6
    Graphic Literacy
    5
    Abilities
    • Deductive Reasoning

      The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

    • Inductive Reasoning

      The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

    • Written Comprehension

      The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

    Knowledge
    • Psychology

      Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    • Engineering and Technology

      Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

    Career Video
    Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop
    Pay
    • Ohio Annual Salary $80,680/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage $38.79/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage
    Ohio Employment Trends
    • Currently Employed 14,740
    • Yearly Projected Openings 1,100
    Typical Education
    Personality
    Investigative: People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Analytical Thinking
    • Attention to Detail
    • Integrity
    • Initiative
    • Persistence
    • Adaptability/Flexibility
    Tools
    • Touch screen monitors
    • Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter
    • Physiological recorders
    • Dynamometers
    • Digital camcorders or video cameras
    Technology
    • Web platform development software
    • Object or component oriented development software
    • Internet browser software
    • Graphics or photo imaging software
    • Analytical or scientific software
    Tags
    • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.
    • Bright Outlook occupations will grow rapidly in the next few years, have a large number of openings, or are new and emerging careers.