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Materials Scientists

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Research and study the structures and chemical properties of various natural and synthetic or composite materials, including metals, alloys, rubber, ceramics, semiconductors, polymers, and glass. Determine ways to strengthen or combine materials or develop new materials with new or specific properties for use in a variety of products and applications. Includes glass scientists, ceramic scientists, metallurgical scientists, and polymer scientists.

    Work Activities
    • Conduct research on the structures and properties of materials, such as metals, alloys, polymers, and ceramics, to obtain information that could be used to develop new products or enhance existing ones.
    • Prepare reports, manuscripts, proposals, and technical manuals for use by other scientists and requestors, such as sponsors and customers.
    • Perform experiments and computer modeling to study the nature, structure, and physical and chemical properties of metals and their alloys, and their responses to applied forces.
    • Plan laboratory experiments to confirm feasibility of processes and techniques used in the production of materials with special characteristics.
    • Determine ways to strengthen or combine materials or develop new materials with new or specific properties for use in a variety of products and applications.
    • Teach in colleges and universities.
    • Devise testing methods to evaluate the effects of various conditions on particular materials.
    • Research methods of processing, forming, and firing materials to develop such products as ceramic dental fillings, unbreakable dinner plates, and telescope lenses.
    • Confer with customers to determine how to tailor materials to their needs.
    • Recommend materials for reliable performance in various environments.
    • Test individual parts and products to ensure that manufacturer and governmental quality and safety standards are met.
    • Supervise and monitor production processes to ensure efficient use of equipment, timely changes to specifications, and project completion within time frame and budget.
    • Test metals to determine conformance to specifications of mechanical strength, strength-weight ratio, ductility, magnetic and electrical properties, and resistance to abrasion, corrosion, heat, and cold.
    • Test material samples for tolerance under tension, compression, and shear to determine the cause of metal failures.
    • Visit suppliers of materials or users of products to gather specific information.
    Skills
    • Science

      Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

    • Reading Comprehension

      Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

    WorkKeys®
    Applied Math
    7
    Workplace Documents
    6
    Graphic Literacy
    6
    Abilities
    • Oral Expression

      The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

    • Written Comprehension

      The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

    • Deductive Reasoning

      The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

    Knowledge
    • Physics

      Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.

    • Chemistry

      Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

    • Engineering and Technology

      Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

    Career Video
    Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop
    Pay
    • Ohio Annual Salary $95,390/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage $45.86/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage
    Ohio Employment Trends
    • Currently Employed 640
    • Yearly Projected Openings 70
    Typical Education
    Personality
    Investigative: People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Analytical Thinking
    • Integrity
    • Attention to Detail
    • Initiative
    • Innovation
    • Persistence
    Tools
    • Viscosimeters
    • Spectrometers
    • Scanning probe microscopes
    • Laboratory box furnaces
    • Laboratory balances
    Technology
    • Word processing software
    • Spreadsheet software
    • Presentation software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Analytical or scientific software
    Tags
    • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.
    • Green occupations are jobs that contribute to energy conservation, development of alternative energy, reducing pollution, or recycling.