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Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists

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Provide social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on probation or parole. Make recommendations for actions involving formulation of rehabilitation plan and treatment of offender, including conditional release and education and employment stipulations.

    Work Activities
    • Interview probationers and parolees regularly to evaluate their progress in accomplishing goals and maintaining the terms specified in their probation contracts and rehabilitation plans.
    • Recommend remedial action or initiate court action in response to noncompliance with terms of probation or parole.
    • Administer drug and alcohol tests, including random drug screens of offenders, to verify compliance with substance abuse treatment programs.
    • Prepare and maintain case folder for each assigned inmate or offender.
    • Discuss with offenders how such issues as drug and alcohol abuse and anger management problems might have played roles in their criminal behavior.
    • Investigate alleged parole violations, using interviews, surveillance, and search and seizure.
    • Conduct prehearing and presentencing investigations and testify in court regarding offenders' backgrounds and recommended sentences and sentencing conditions.
    • Inform offenders or inmates of requirements of conditional release, such as office visits, restitution payments, or educational and employment stipulations.
    • Write reports describing offenders' progress.
    • Arrange for medical, mental health, or substance abuse treatment services according to individual needs or court orders.
    • Supervise people on community-based sentences, such as electronically monitored home detention, and provide field supervision of probationers by conducting curfew checks or visits to home, work, or school.
    • Develop liaisons and networks with other parole officers, community agencies, correctional institutions, psychiatric facilities, and aftercare agencies to plan for helping offenders with life adjustments.
    • Recommend appropriate penitentiary for initial placement of an offender.
    • Arrange for postrelease services, such as employment, housing, counseling, education, and social activities.
    • Assess the suitability of penitentiary inmates for release under parole and statutory release programs and submit recommendations to parole boards.
    • Gather information about offenders' backgrounds by talking to offenders, their families and friends, and other people who have relevant information.
    • Develop rehabilitation programs for assigned offenders or inmates, establishing rules of conduct, goals, and objectives.
    • Participate in decisions about whether cases should go before courts and which court should hear them.
    • Identify and approve work placements for offenders with community service sentences.
    • Develop and prepare packets containing information about social service agencies, assistance organizations, and programs that might be useful for inmates or offenders.
    • Provide offenders or inmates with assistance in matters concerning detainers, sentences in other jurisdictions, writs, and applications for social assistance.
    Skills
    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

    • Social Perceptiveness

      Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

    • Speaking

      Talking to others to convey information effectively.

    WorkKeys®
    Applied Math
    4
    Workplace Documents
    5
    Graphic Literacy
    4
    Abilities
    • Problem Sensitivity

      The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    • Oral Comprehension

      The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

    • Oral Expression

      The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

    Knowledge
    • Law and Government

      Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.

    • Psychology

      Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

    • Public Safety and Security

      Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

    Career Video
    Video not available
    Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop
    Pay
    • Ohio Annual Salary $50,160/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage $24.12/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage
    Ohio Employment Trends
    • Currently Employed 2,950
    • Yearly Projected Openings 250
    Typical Education
    Personality
    Social: People interested in this work like activities that include helping people, teaching, and talking. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Integrity
    • Self Control
    • Stress Tolerance
    • Dependability
    • Attention to Detail
    • Adaptability/Flexibility
    Tools
    • Urinalysis analyzers
    • Torso and belt restraints
    • Special purpose telephones
    • Handcuffs
    • Automobiles or cars
    Technology
    • Word processing software
    • Project management software
    • Office suite software
    • Electronic mail software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    Tags
    • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.